Learning how to use a gender of nouns in Spanish can be difficult. In fact, it can be downright confusing. First of all we learn that nouns have genders – masculine nouns (tops, backs, etc) have only one gender, and feminine nouns (bottles, cups, etc) have two genders. Then we learn that gender of a verb is optional, and depending on the word order, sometimes it doesn’t seem to make much difference. Then we learn that sometimes there can be a gender-free sentence, but the meaning changes anyway! How can all this make sense?
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Well, fortunately it does make sense. Nouns do not always follow gender roles, at least in English. And in Spanish, the order of gender of a sentence really does matter. For example, the sentence “The man loves his bike” in Spanish, with the subject “The” and the object “Bike” would be “Nun vivi en una Carta” (I love a bike in this sentence) but “Nun vivi en una Carta” (I love a bike in this sentence) which means the same thing.
What you need then is a Spanish worksheet, or a list of Spanish nouns, separated into masculine and feminine forms for each gender, with corresponding adjectives that describe them. For example, for the masculine subject “the man”, “man” has an adverb “de”. For the feminine subject “the woman”, “vivi” has an adjective that describes it as small. With these in hand, you can convert any English sentences into Spanish sentences that make sense, even if they were written in English.
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Many Spanish words have both a masculine and a feminine version, so you will have to memorize a lot of words to have a complete vocabulary of gender. Another downside of using a Spanish worksheet is the possibility of repetition. Although you are mainly looking for nouns that describe the human body, there are some exceptions, such as words describing the moon or the plants which make up the universe. This repetition might be encountered if you only memorized words related to the human body.
Let’s assume you want to translate the English sentence, “The man loves his bike”. In Spanish, this would be “Ponerse eres una Carta de manana.” This translates as “he loves a bike”. In English, this is “a man loves a bicycle”. Using the second version, “a man loves a bicycle” translates as “it is raining”. This should give you enough words to get started.
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In addition to the lists above, you will find some additional worksheets that will help you with the grammar of the Spanish language. A gender rules page will show you all the different grammatical structures for nouns. There are also lists of adjectives and pronouns, as well as a list of proper nouns. There is even a short list of diseases that shows the correct word to translate.
One big difference between the Spanish language and English is the use of articles indicating the gender of a noun. In the Spanish language, articles indicating the gender of a noun do not follow a definite and indefinite article. Instead, the article immediately following the noun indicates which gender the noun fits into. For example, “A boy” in Spanish instead of “Una guapa” or “Aile” would be “Una broma”. The feminine noun “Aile” in Spanish can be spelled as “Aile”. “A man” in Spanish would be “Una manana” while “A woman” is spelled as “Aile”.
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One thing you may notice about the Spanish worksheet is that there are very few feminine nouns. This is a good thing, as in most languages feminine nouns are treated as gender-less. Most of the time, if a sentence needs a feminine verb, it will indicate the gender of the subject by itself, or by placing a postposition before the verb. As you can see, it is quite simple for beginners to learn how to build a gender-free vocabulary.
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