Genetic Disorders Problem Pregnancies Worksheet Answers

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When a person is born with a genetic disorder that affects one or more of their organs, it can lead to difficulty conceiving and childbirth. Because each of these organs must function correctly in order to be able to carry a child, if they are not performing correctly, there is an increased chance of having an unexpected pregnancy. For those that have a serious genetic disorder, this can also lead to a lower sperm count, as well as less energy during sex due to a reduced amount of oxygen reaching the egg. Having difficulty conceiving or having a low sperm count can affect both a woman’s fertility and her chances for a successful birth.

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For women, one of the biggest concerns regarding conception and birth defects comes from the male hormone called testosterone. Testosterone is also produced by the ovary, and when women have hormonal imbalances, they can produce too much testosterone. This then has implications for fertility. The female body requires a certain amount of testosterone in order to regulate mood and fertility. If a woman has a hormonal imbalance, this can cause a decline in libido, cause menstrual irregularity, and can increase the risk of having problems when conceiving.

Another problem is with the placenta. Although rare, some placenta abnormalities can lead to problems in the development of the fetus. Breeders that do not pay attention to this issue may unknowingly be passing down problems from one generation to another. Because this involves the DNA of both parents, it is very important to ensure that you are getting bred to be a healthy baby rather than one that have a risk of suffering from birth defects.

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Other areas of concern come from genetic diseases. There have been many instances where children have been affected by medical conditions before they were born. Some of these conditions have been genetic in nature. This means that the person carrying the gene could have passed it along, without the intent of causing problems. However, other birth defects have been brought about by environmental factors.

One example of this would be congenital abnormalities. These disorders happen before birth but can still be passed down through the generations. Most of these disorders are considered genetic disorders, because of the way the genes are expressed. When a person carries the mutation, there is an increased chance of them passing it on to their children.

Figure 14 1 The Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Score
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It is also possible that a couple will pass the problem on to their children, even if they do not have it themselves. A common problem noticed is abnormalities in sperm production. Sometimes the sperm produced is misshapen or distorted in such a way that it cannot live in the uterus. When this happens, it will be unable to implant in the fallopian tube. In addition to being unable to implant, this can result in the conception of a normally normal child, but with one chromosome from the wrong sperm.

Another common type of abnormality is cystic fibrosis. It is a genetic disorder which causes the growth of very large amounts of mucus inside the lungs. This will block the airway and makes breathing much more difficult. It is rare for a woman to be born with this disorder. However, if a woman does have it, she will most likely suffer from respiratory distress as her condition worsens during pregnancy. Women who suffer from this type of disorder will generally be discharged early from the hospital.

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There are many genetic disorders which cause a reduction in fertility. Some of the most common are Down Syndrome and Klinefeller Syndrome. Down syndrome can often be corrected with surgery. Klinefeller syndrome will not be corrected by surgery. The child might end up with small genitals and a high risk of developing genitalia that will affect his or her life in the future. However, surgery can be an effective treatment for these genetic disorders.

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MAJOR DISEASE PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES THE CURRENT STATUS from genetic disorders problem pregnancies worksheet answers , source:nap.edu

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Analysis of IgE Antibo s from a Patient with Atopic Dermatitis from genetic disorders problem pregnancies worksheet answers , source:jimmunol.org